Fleas – an itchy problem!

Dear Your Own Vet,

 

Hi there.  I just had a question about my dog having fleas. I took him to the vet about 3 weeks ago because they were so bad that he had a horrible rash. We took him to a local vet and they gave us Comfortis. The flea pill. Saying that the fleas would begin to die in the next 15 minutes. Well 5 days after we took him to the vet he still had fleas on him. And was still scratching bad. So I called the vet and she said that he should be fine cause the Comfortis works and that fleas can jump on him but will soon die. Well its been 2 weeks since I called and he still has them. They will not go away. I bathe him often and its not helping. My dog is a male poodle mix. He’s 4 and weighs around 10 pounds.

 

Thanks,

Ashlynn

Dear Ashlynn,

Although fleas are a relatively easy cause of itching and scratching to diagnose, they are a worldwide problem, as they are extremely difficult to get rid of, once they have invaded your home.

Fleas on abused dogs

The Flea

Fleas are jumping parasites that live on, and suck blood from warm blooded animals. Humans originally kept lapdogs to get rid of fleas on people, as fleas prefer dogs to people. Fleas are extremely prolific and one female flea can lay hundreds of eggs in a week. Fleas mate and live permanently on one host, or animal preferably, and although they may jump from one animal to another, this isn’t what they would like to do. They lay their tiny pale coloured eggs in the fur, and these slip off the animal and fall to the ground. The eggs hatch again, often in response to warmth and movement and the fleas infect the pet once again. When the flea bites the skin, the saliva can be very irritating, and the skin of the animal becomes itchy, red and inflammed where the bite is. If the animal is allergic to the saliva on top if that, the whole area round the bite can flare up and itch, causing animals to wreck their skins and form “Hot Spots.”

Moist eczema from allergies online consult question and answer

A Hotspot or moist eczema

Owners have often noted that one dog doesn’t seem to be bothered with the fleas, whereas another goes crazy if he even has one flea. Treating only the itchy one will not solve the problem in your house!! This article will give you a step by step approach to getting rid of those pesky parasites.

I AM NOT SURE IF MY PET HAS FLEAS

Look at the base of the tail and part the fur – if you see tiny scabs on the skin, there is a 90% chance it is caused by fleas. Put your poet on white paper or a white sheet and brush him or her. If you see black dirt falling, that dissolves in water on cotton wool, your pet definitely has fleas. If you want to see fleas running, look either between the fur at the base of the ail or turn your pet over quickly and look at the belly – you may see them there. Even if you don’t see an actual flea, but you find the black dirt and the scabs, your pet has fleas. Cats, are especially good groomers and often eat the fleas before you can see them.

HOW TO GET RID OF FLEAS PERMANENTLY

I have seen fleas on my pet but do I have a flea problem?

Black dirt in fur flea infestations online vet consultation

Flea dirt is literally digested blood

 

  • Yes, if you see a number of fleas on your pet
  • Yes, if your pet has lots of tiny scabs on it’s rump or round it’s ears
  • Yes, if the fur has black dirt in it that dissolves in water to leave a brownish stain
  • Yes, if more than one pet is affected
  • Yes if people are getting bitten as well
  • Yes, if you are actually seeing fleas jumping in your house
  • Yes, if you have tried bathing your pet regularly and using powder, shampoos, pills etc. and you are still not getting rid of them.

Common methods people try that don’t really work if you have a flea problem

How not to get rid of fleas

Using a flea shampoo only kills fleas on the dog, it doesn’t stop new ones jumping on

 

  • Garlic and other natural remedies
  • Washing the pet – the water drowns the fleas but doesn’t get rid of the ones in the environment (90% of them)
  • Flea Collars – no one knows how long they are effective for and whether the whole body is covered or just the head and neck area and they can also be toxic to pups that chew them etc.
  • Flea Powder – has to be put on daily to get rid of them and this tends to be poisonous for the pet.
  • Treating only the pet that is allergic to the fleas
  • Dips or Shampoos for ticks and fleas – don’t last on the pet’s body more than a few days.
Flea collars don't work

Flea collars stop working after a while and are toxic if chewed

What does Work?

If you have a true flea problem, there usually isn’t a simple once off solution, no matter what the drug companies say. Getting rid of them will take 2-3 months and require dedication on your part. There are two places that have to become flea free – ALL your animals AND the environment where they live.

Treating your Pet

flea ;products that work

Use for 3-6 months on ALL your furry pets

 

There are hundreds of products on the market – the trick is knowing which ones work. I don’t recommend shampoos, dips, powders or flea collars. People were using these back in the 70′s and the fleas have become resistant to them by now. Also most of them don’t have a long lasting effect – they kill the fleas on the pet, but new ones jumping on 2-3 days later won’t die.

Go for:

Long lasting products – ones that will kill and repel fleas for a month. These include Comfortis, Frontline, Advantage, Advantix, Revolution and Fiprotec. They are either available as a pill or as drops you put on the back of the dog or cat’s neck. In most cases, with the drops, they work best on a dirty animal and not at all on a clean, wet one!! Don’t bath your dog first!!

flea products lasting a month

Comfortis lasts a month

Other long lasting products on the market are known as growth control regulators, such as Program. The DO NOT kill fleas, only make them sterile and unable to breed.

STEP 1

Apply a long lasting product to each of your pets once a month for 3-6 months

STEP 2

Feed them an insect growth regulator once a month for 6 months

Insect growth regulator

Does NOT kill fleas, but makes them sterile

STEP 3

Worm all your pets. Fleas carry tapeworms.

Treating the Environment – fleas are INDOOR parasites – they don’t live in the garden unless there’s somewhere warm.

STEP 4

Wash all their bedding and baskets on the hot cycle in the machine. Include bedding and baskets from indoors and outdoors.

STEP 5

Vaccuum/hoover thoroughly in ALL the areas where your pets lie.

STEP 6

getting rid of fleas

Steam clean carpets thorougly

Hire  steam cleaner for your carpets and steam clean ALL the carpets where your pets lie.

STEP 7

Spraying – remember ordinary insecticides don’t kill the eggs or immature fleas – you need to get a product that will penetrate those life cycle stages as well. Remove all pets, birds and fish from the room and spray along all skirting boards, where the bedding and baskets are, and if your pets sleep with you, under your bed as well. You can also get a fogger or have the room fumigated if you have a really bad problem.

getting rid of fleas

Flea sprays will kill eggs and larvae as well

If you follow these steps, you should get rid of the fleas. The reason you have to continue treating your pets for so long is that eggs don’t all hatch immediately – some can only hatch months later and some immediately, depending on temperature, movement, humidity etc.

To treat a flea allergy, please see our article on skin allergies

 

 

 

 

 

 

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